Malawi makes the top 30 of poorest countries globally. As a third world country, the life expectancy at birth in Malawi is pretty high with 64 years old. The average time people receive education and go to school is nearly 11 years. Malawi ranks 0.476 in the Human development index. This is a composite number which includes numbers regarding to life expectancy, education and income per capita, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development. The higher these factors, the higher the index number.
The Salvation Army in Malawi
The Salvation Army began operations in Malawi on 13 November 1967 and was granted official government recognition on 2 October 1973. The Malawi Division was part of the Zimbabwe Territory until 1988, when it was integrated into the Zambia Command, which was given territorial status and became known as the Zambia and Malawi Territory. The Army’s work in Malawi has grown and developed and on 1 October 2002 it became a separate region. Further growth and expansion of the work in Malawi resulted in the region being elevated to command status of 1 February 2004. The Malawi Command was elevated to territorial status on 1 March 2011. Source: www.salvationarmy.org
The name Malawi is derived from the precolonial empire Maravi, which used to be a lot bigger than the current country. During colonial times, Malawi was ruled by the British and named British Central Africa. Then the name was changed to Nyasaland. Thereafter it became part of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. Malawi became independent in 1964.
Politics and economics
In 1964, the declaration of independence was signed and Malawi became a republic led by former British Protectorate of Nyasaland, Hastings Kamuzu Banda. In the years that followed, Banda increasingly took on a more dictatorial role, and the regime started to become more authoritarian. In the years that followed, many Malawians grew resistant to Banda's regime. There was turmoil, economic inequality and poverty. Malawi also had to cope with large streams of refugees that sook refuge because of the civil war in Mozambique and the election victory of the opposition party in Zambia.Following the growing opposition against Banda, the first fair elections were held in 1994. Banda was expelled. Both in 1994 and 1999, the United Democratic Front (UDF) won the national elections led by Bakili Muluzi. Then, in May 2004, Mutharika was elected president and in July 2006 he was arrested on suspicion of corruption. Nevertheless, Mutharika won the presidential elections in May 2009. In April 2012, Joyce Banda became the fourth president of Malawi. In October 2013, President Banda expelled her government for corruption. Since May 2014, Peter Mutharika has been president of Malawi.
The population of Malawi is largely derived from the Bantu people, a group of people from Central and Southern Africa. In rural villages, families often live in a rooted hierarchy. The village elder has the most influence within the community. Subsequently, men clearly have a more respected role than women. In addition to Christianity and Islam, indigenous religions are common in which traditional dance and masks are used.