Surface: 238.533 km²
Number of inhabitants: 24.791.073
Currency: cedi (GHS)
Goverment form: Constitutional Democracy
Ghana has a score of 0.579 on the Human Development Index (HDI) which places the country in the middle class of human development. The score is compiled of numbers related to life expectancy, education and capita per income. Once classified in numbers, this number is used to rank countries in four levels of human development. The higher these factors, the higher the index number. According to this index Ghana is ranked 139thout of the 186 countries (source: UNDP) and is therefore one of the more developed countries in Africa. Approximately 75% of Ghanaians can read and write and there are five universities in Ghana as well as a number of technical colleges. Nearly 20% of the population is unemployed. (source: landenweb)
History and Politics
Since the fourteenth century, the Akan is the largest ethnic group in Ghana. The famous Ashanti kingdom was founded around 1700 and became well-known for its trade in gold and slaves. Around that time, the Portuguese and later the Dutch arrived whom created trade settlements and fortresses along the area they named the Gold Coast.In the eighteenth century, the British invaded the country. Initially only for trading purposes, but as rivalry with the French grew, the British invaded the Ashanti kingdom in 1874 and proclaimed the Gold Coast as a British colony.In 1951 the first elections for a national government were held although supervised by the authority of the British colonizer. In 1957, Ghana became the first independent African country under the Sahara. In 1960 Ghana became a Republic with Nkrumah as its president. He was a great advocate of the Pan-African ideal. His policy, however, began to become increasingly authoritarian, resulting in a military takeover in 1966. Until 1981, military and civil regimes interchanged until the popular Flight Lieutenant Jerry Rawlings came to power. Nana Akufo-Addo has been the president of Ghana since 2016.
Ghana has one of the fastest growing economies on the African continent. Agriculture, forestry and the export of goods are the most important sectors. Ghana exports cocoa, wood and gold.
The most important tribes in Ghana (this is 98% of the population) are the Akan, Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe and Ga. The majority of the population is Christian and religion is a very important aspect of the Ghanaian culture. Dance, music and national dishes are celebrated during festivals, which are very common in Ghana.